*Principal Components Analysis SPSS Annotated Output Factor Analysis - SPSS The most common sort of FA is principal axis FA, also known as principal factor analysis. This analysis proceeds very much like that for a PCA. We eliminate the variance due to unique factors by replacing the 1вЂ™s on the main diagonal of the correlation matrix with estimates of the*

Factor Analysis Principal Component Analysis. In factor analysis you are not necessarily looking for variable reduction, although at the end you could end up with less variables integrated into sub-scales or dimensions. In factor analysis you are looking for exploring a factor structure in a scale or confirming the factor вЂ¦, We have also created a page of annotated output for a factor analysis that parallels this analysis. For general information regarding the similarities and differences between principal components analysis and factor analysis, see Tabachnick and Fidell (2001), for example. get file "D:\data\M255.sav"..

Principal component analysis (PCA) is a statistical procedure that uses an orthogonal transformation to convert a set of observations of possibly correlated variables (entities each of which takes on various numerical values) into a set of values of linearly uncorrelated variables called principal components. Principal component analysis (PCA) is a statistical procedure that uses an orthogonal transformation to convert a set of observations of possibly correlated variables (entities each of which takes on various numerical values) into a set of values of linearly uncorrelated variables called principal components.

Principal Component Analysis, A Powerful Scoring Technique George C. J. Fernandez, University of Nevada - Reno, Reno NV 89557 ABSTRACT Data mining is a collection of analytical techniques to uncover new trends and patterns in massive databases. These data mining techniques stress visualization to thoroughly study the structure of data and to Factor Analysis - SPSS The most common sort of FA is principal axis FA, also known as principal factor analysis. This analysis proceeds very much like that for a PCA. We eliminate the variance due to unique factors by replacing the 1вЂ™s on the main diagonal of the correlation matrix with estimates of the

Factor analysis is a way for scale development and assessment. There are 2 types of factor analysis. PCA is a variety of factor analysis. PCA has certain requirements. Scree plot is used to decide how many factors to extract. Eigen value gives an idea about the strength of association of вЂ¦ We have also created a page of annotated output for a factor analysis that parallels this analysis. For general information regarding the similarities and differences between principal components analysis and factor analysis, see Tabachnick and Fidell (2001), for example. get file "D:\data\M255.sav".

Principal Component Analysis & Factor Analysis Psych 818 Principal Component Analysis Principal component analysis is conceptually and mathematically less complex вЂ“ Has a parameter (gamma in SPSS) that allows the user to define the amount of correlation acceptable 28/5/2013В В· How to Use SPSS: Factor Analysis (Principal Component Analysis) TheRMUoHP Biostatistics Resource Channel. Loading Principal Component Analysis on SPSS - Duration: 22:06. educresem 66,573 views. 22:06. How to Use вЂ¦

Exploratory Factor Analysis and Principal Components Analysis Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and principal components analysis (PCA) both are methods that are used to help investigators represent a large number of relationships among normally distributed or scale variables in a simpler (more parsimonious) way. Principal Component Analysis versus Factor Analysis Both principal component analysis (PCA) and factor analysis (FA) seek to reduce the dimensionality of a data set. The most obvious difference is that while PCA is concerned with the total variation as expressed in the correlation

Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to reduce the dimensionality of a data set by explaining the correlation among many variables in terms of a smaller number of underlying factors (principal components), without losing much information (Jackson, 1991; Meglen, 1992). 28/5/2013В В· How to Use SPSS: Factor Analysis (Principal Component Analysis) TheRMUoHP Biostatistics Resource Channel. Loading Principal Component Analysis on SPSS - Duration: 22:06. educresem 66,573 views. 22:06. How to Use вЂ¦

16/12/2014В В· In this video, we look at how to run an exploratory factor analysis (principal components analysis) in SPSS (Part 1 of 6). Youtube SPSS factor analysis Princ... Exploratory Factor Analysis and Principal Components Analysis Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and principal components analysis (PCA) both are methods that are used to help investigators represent a large number of relationships among normally distributed or scale variables in a simpler (more parsimonious) way.

11 Principal Component Analysis and Factor Analysis: Crime in the U.S. and AIDS PatientsвЂ™ Evaluations of Their Clinicians 11.1Description of Data 11.2Principal Component and Factor Analysis 11.2.1Principal Component Analysis 11.2.2Factor Analysis 11.2.3Factor Analysis and Principal Components Compared 11.3Analysis Using SPSS 11.3.1Crime in Online Workshop: Principal Component Analysis and Exploratory Factor Analysis with SPSS вЂ“ Early Enrollment YouвЂ™d like to create an index from a group of related variables. At least you think theyвЂ™re related вЂ” they ought to be. But whatвЂ™s

Be able to set out data appropriately in SPSS to carry out a Principal Component Analysis and also a basic Factor analysis. Be able to assess the data to ensure that it does not violate any of the assumptions required to carry out a Principal Component Analysis/ Factor analysis. Be able to select the appropriate options in SPSS to carry out a 51 Factor Analysis After having obtained the correlation matrix, it is time to decide which type of analysis to use: factor analysis or principal component analysis. The main difference between these types of analysis lies in the way the communalities are used. In principal component analysis it is assumed that the communalities are initially 1.

Principal Component Analysis A Powerful Scoring Technique. Factor analysis is a way for scale development and assessment. There are 2 types of factor analysis. PCA is a variety of factor analysis. PCA has certain requirements. Scree plot is used to decide how many factors to extract. Eigen value gives an idea about the strength of association of вЂ¦, 51 Factor Analysis After having obtained the correlation matrix, it is time to decide which type of analysis to use: factor analysis or principal component analysis. The main difference between these types of analysis lies in the way the communalities are used. In principal component analysis it is assumed that the communalities are initially 1..

Principal Component and Factor Analysis SpringerLink. Principal Components Versus Principal Axis Factoring As noted earlier, the most widely used method in factor analysis is the PAF method. In practice, PC and PAF are based on slightly different versions of the R correlation matrix (which includes the entire set of correlations among measured X вЂ¦, We have also created a page of annotated output for a factor analysis that parallels this analysis. For general information regarding the similarities and differences between principal components analysis and factor analysis, see Tabachnick and Fidell (2001), for example. get file "D:\data\M255.sav"..

Principal Components Analysis Exploratory Factor Analysis. Overview Principal component analysis HerveВґ Abdi1в€— and Lynne J. Williams2 Principal component analysis (PCA) is a multivariate technique that analyzes a data table in which observations are described by several inter-correlated quantitative dependent variables., 20/7/2018В В· Based on a discussion of the different types of factor analytic procedures (exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modeling), we introduce the steps involved in a principal component analysis and a reliability analysis, вЂ¦.

Principal Component Analysis & Factor Analysis. Factor Analysis - SPSS The most common sort of FA is principal axis FA, also known as principal factor analysis. This analysis proceeds very much like that for a PCA. We eliminate the variance due to unique factors by replacing the 1вЂ™s on the main diagonal of the correlation matrix with estimates of the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiple_correspondence_analysis PCA-SPSS - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. principal component analysis.

Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Common Factor Analysis (CFA) are distinct methods. Often, they produce similar results and PCA is used as the default extraction method in the SPSS Factor Analysis routines. This undoubtedly results in a lot of confusion about the distinction between the two. Principal Component Analysis Example вЂ“ Write Up Page 1 of 10 Be able to set out data appropriately in SPSS to carry out a Principal Component An alysis. You will note in the above table that the eigenvalues of the rotated factor are 2.895 and 2.881, Component 1 2.

Principal component analysis and exploratory factor analysis are both data reduction techniques вЂ” techniques to combine a group of correlated variables into fewer variables. You can then use those combination variables вЂ” indices or subscales вЂ” in other analyses. In factor analysis you are not necessarily looking for variable reduction, although at the end you could end up with less variables integrated into sub-scales or dimensions. In factor analysis you are looking for exploring a factor structure in a scale or confirming the factor вЂ¦

Factor analysis is a statistical procedure used to identify a small number of factors that can be used to represent relationships among sets of interrelated variables. For example, COMPUTER USE BY TEACHERS is a broad construct that can have a number of FACTORS (use for testing, use for research, use for presentation development, etc.). In this case the variables to be analyzed are chosen by the initial researcher and not the person conducting the analysis. Factor analysis is performed on a predetermined set of items/scales. Results of factor analysis may not always be satisfactory: The items or scales may be poor indicators of the construct or constructs. There may be too few

Best factor extraction methods in factor analysis. Ask Question Asked 6 years, one should add more aspect: whether we use the methods to fit a factor solution to a prespecified number of factors, or whether the number of factors should emerge from the Very different results of principal component analysis in SPSS and Stata after Principal Component Analysis 3 Because it is a variable reduction procedure, principal component analysis is similar in many respects to exploratory factor analysis. In fact, the steps followed when conducting a principal component analysis are virtually identical to those followed when conducting an exploratory factor analysis.

Principal Components Analysis, Exploratory Factor Analysis, and Confirmatory Factor Analysis by Frances Chumney Principal components analysis and factor analysis are common methods used to analyze groups of variables for the purpose of reducing them into subsets represented by latent constructs (Bartholomew, 1984; Grimm & Yarnold, 1995). вЂў Principal Component Analysis вЂ“ Get used to it! вЂ“ Decorrelates multivariate data, п¬Ѓnds useful components, reduces dimensionality вЂў Many ways to get to it вЂ“ Knowing what to use with your data helps вЂў Interesting connection to Fourier transform

(4) Use the spss linear regression procedure to do the principal component regression analysis: includes to build each standardized principal component regression equation, check whether all principal components are independent of each other or not and determine the вЂbestвЂ™ standardized principal component regression equation (, pp. 299вЂ“308). Best factor extraction methods in factor analysis. Ask Question Asked 6 years, one should add more aspect: whether we use the methods to fit a factor solution to a prespecified number of factors, or whether the number of factors should emerge from the Very different results of principal component analysis in SPSS and Stata after

Principal Component Analysis versus Factor Analysis Both principal component analysis (PCA) and factor analysis (FA) seek to reduce the dimensionality of a data set. The most obvious difference is that while PCA is concerned with the total variation as expressed in the correlation 51 Factor Analysis After having obtained the correlation matrix, it is time to decide which type of analysis to use: factor analysis or principal component analysis. The main difference between these types of analysis lies in the way the communalities are used. In principal component analysis it is assumed that the communalities are initially 1.

Principal component analysis and exploratory factor analysis are both data reduction techniques вЂ” techniques to combine a group of correlated variables into fewer variables. You can then use those combination variables вЂ” indices or subscales вЂ” in other analyses. Best factor extraction methods in factor analysis. Ask Question Asked 6 years, one should add more aspect: whether we use the methods to fit a factor solution to a prespecified number of factors, or whether the number of factors should emerge from the Very different results of principal component analysis in SPSS and Stata after

(4) Use the spss linear regression procedure to do the principal component regression analysis: includes to build each standardized principal component regression equation, check whether all principal components are independent of each other or not and determine the вЂbestвЂ™ standardized principal component regression equation (, pp. 299вЂ“308). Online Workshop: Principal Component Analysis and Exploratory Factor Analysis with SPSS вЂ“ Early Enrollment YouвЂ™d like to create an index from a group of related variables. At least you think theyвЂ™re related вЂ” they ought to be. But whatвЂ™s

(4) Use the spss linear regression procedure to do the principal component regression analysis: includes to build each standardized principal component regression equation, check whether all principal components are independent of each other or not and determine the вЂbestвЂ™ standardized principal component regression equation (, pp. 299вЂ“308). Exploratory Factor Analysis and Principal Components Analysis Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and principal components analysis (PCA) both are methods that are used to help investigators represent a large number of relationships among normally distributed or scale variables in a simpler (more parsimonious) way.

Best factor extraction methods in factor analysis. Ask Question Asked 6 years, one should add more aspect: whether we use the methods to fit a factor solution to a prespecified number of factors, or whether the number of factors should emerge from the Very different results of principal component analysis in SPSS and Stata after Principal Component Analysis, A Powerful Scoring Technique George C. J. Fernandez, University of Nevada - Reno, Reno NV 89557 ABSTRACT Data mining is a collection of analytical techniques to uncover new trends and patterns in massive databases. These data mining techniques stress visualization to thoroughly study the structure of data and to

spss Best factor extraction methods in factor analysis. conduct factor analysis and the choice of method depends on many things (see Field, 2005). For our purposes we will use principal component analysis, which strictly speaking isnвЂ™t factor analysis; however, the two procedures often yield similar results (see Field, 2005, 15.3.3)., Principal Component Analysis Example вЂ“ Write Up Page 1 of 10 Be able to set out data appropriately in SPSS to carry out a Principal Component An alysis. You will note in the above table that the eigenvalues of the rotated factor are 2.895 and 2.881, Component 1 2..

Factor Analysis Factor Analysis Principal Component. One of the many confusing issues in statistics is the confusion between Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Factor Analysis (FA). They are very similar in many ways, so itвЂ™s not hard to see why theyвЂ™re so often confused. They appear to be different varieties, There are two basic approaches to factor analysis: principal component analysis (PCA) and common factor analysis. Overall, factor analysis involves techniques to help produce a smaller number of linear combinations on variables so that the reduced variables account for and explain most the variance in correlation matrix pattern..

Principal Component Analysis 3 Because it is a variable reduction procedure, principal component analysis is similar in many respects to exploratory factor analysis. In fact, the steps followed when conducting a principal component analysis are virtually identical to those followed when conducting an exploratory factor analysis. Principal Component Analysis, A Powerful Scoring Technique George C. J. Fernandez, University of Nevada - Reno, Reno NV 89557 ABSTRACT Data mining is a collection of analytical techniques to uncover new trends and patterns in massive databases. These data mining techniques stress visualization to thoroughly study the structure of data and to

Exploratory Factor Analysis and Principal Components Analysis Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and principal components analysis (PCA) both are methods that are used to help investigators represent a large number of relationships among normally distributed or scale variables in a simpler (more parsimonious) way. Principal Components Analysis, Exploratory Factor Analysis, and Confirmatory Factor Analysis by Frances Chumney Principal components analysis and factor analysis are common methods used to analyze groups of variables for the purpose of reducing them into subsets represented by latent constructs (Bartholomew, 1984; Grimm & Yarnold, 1995).

Principal Component Analysis & Factor Analysis Psych 818 Principal Component Analysis Principal component analysis is conceptually and mathematically less complex вЂ“ Has a parameter (gamma in SPSS) that allows the user to define the amount of correlation acceptable VELICER, W. F. and D. N. JACKSON (1990) вЂњComponent Analysis Versus Common Factor-Analysis вЂ“ Some Issues in Selecting an Appropriate ProcedureвЂќ. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 25 (1), 1-28. WIDAMAN, K. F. (1993) вЂњCommon Factor Analysis Versus Principal Component Analysis: Differential Bias in Representing Model Parameters?вЂќ.

Principal Component Analysis, A Powerful Scoring Technique George C. J. Fernandez, University of Nevada - Reno, Reno NV 89557 ABSTRACT Data mining is a collection of analytical techniques to uncover new trends and patterns in massive databases. These data mining techniques stress visualization to thoroughly study the structure of data and to In factor analysis you are not necessarily looking for variable reduction, although at the end you could end up with less variables integrated into sub-scales or dimensions. In factor analysis you are looking for exploring a factor structure in a scale or confirming the factor вЂ¦

51 Factor Analysis After having obtained the correlation matrix, it is time to decide which type of analysis to use: factor analysis or principal component analysis. The main difference between these types of analysis lies in the way the communalities are used. In principal component analysis it is assumed that the communalities are initially 1. Factor analysis is a way for scale development and assessment. There are 2 types of factor analysis. PCA is a variety of factor analysis. PCA has certain requirements. Scree plot is used to decide how many factors to extract. Eigen value gives an idea about the strength of association of вЂ¦

Principal Component Analysis & Factor Analysis Psych 818 Principal Component Analysis Principal component analysis is conceptually and mathematically less complex вЂ“ Has a parameter (gamma in SPSS) that allows the user to define the amount of correlation acceptable We have also created a page of annotated output for a factor analysis that parallels this analysis. For general information regarding the similarities and differences between principal components analysis and factor analysis, see Tabachnick and Fidell (2001), for example. get file "D:\data\M255.sav".

(4) Use the spss linear regression procedure to do the principal component regression analysis: includes to build each standardized principal component regression equation, check whether all principal components are independent of each other or not and determine the вЂbestвЂ™ standardized principal component regression equation (, pp. 299вЂ“308). Principal Components Analysis, Exploratory Factor Analysis, and Confirmatory Factor Analysis by Frances Chumney Principal components analysis and factor analysis are common methods used to analyze groups of variables for the purpose of reducing them into subsets represented by latent constructs (Bartholomew, 1984; Grimm & Yarnold, 1995).

PCA-SPSS - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. principal component analysis Best factor extraction methods in factor analysis. Ask Question Asked 6 years, one should add more aspect: whether we use the methods to fit a factor solution to a prespecified number of factors, or whether the number of factors should emerge from the Very different results of principal component analysis in SPSS and Stata after

20/7/2018В В· Based on a discussion of the different types of factor analytic procedures (exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modeling), we introduce the steps involved in a principal component analysis and a reliability analysis, вЂ¦ PCA-SPSS - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. principal component analysis

16/12/2014В В· In this video, we look at how to run an exploratory factor analysis (principal components analysis) in SPSS (Part 1 of 6). Youtube SPSS factor analysis Princ... Factor analysis is a way for scale development and assessment. There are 2 types of factor analysis. PCA is a variety of factor analysis. PCA has certain requirements. Scree plot is used to decide how many factors to extract. Eigen value gives an idea about the strength of association of вЂ¦

51 Factor Analysis After having obtained the correlation matrix, it is time to decide which type of analysis to use: factor analysis or principal component analysis. The main difference between these types of analysis lies in the way the communalities are used. In principal component analysis it is assumed that the communalities are initially 1. One of the many confusing issues in statistics is the confusion between Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Factor Analysis (FA). They are very similar in many ways, so itвЂ™s not hard to see why theyвЂ™re so often confused. They appear to be different varieties

Principal Components Analysis SPSS Annotated Output. Principal Components Versus Principal Axis Factoring As noted earlier, the most widely used method in factor analysis is the PAF method. In practice, PC and PAF are based on slightly different versions of the R correlation matrix (which includes the entire set of correlations among measured X вЂ¦, (4) Use the spss linear regression procedure to do the principal component regression analysis: includes to build each standardized principal component regression equation, check whether all principal components are independent of each other or not and determine the вЂbestвЂ™ standardized principal component regression equation (, pp. 299вЂ“308)..

Principal Component Analysis (PCA) Statistics Solutions. Principal Component Analysis Example вЂ“ Write Up Page 1 of 10 Be able to set out data appropriately in SPSS to carry out a Principal Component An alysis. You will note in the above table that the eigenvalues of the rotated factor are 2.895 and 2.881, Component 1 2., Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Common Factor Analysis (CFA) are distinct methods. Often, they produce similar results and PCA is used as the default extraction method in the SPSS Factor Analysis routines. This undoubtedly results in a lot of confusion about the distinction between the two..

Principal Component Analysis (PCA) Statistics Solutions. Principal Component Analysis & Factor Analysis Psych 818 Principal Component Analysis Principal component analysis is conceptually and mathematically less complex вЂ“ Has a parameter (gamma in SPSS) that allows the user to define the amount of correlation acceptable https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Principal_component_analysis In this case the variables to be analyzed are chosen by the initial researcher and not the person conducting the analysis. Factor analysis is performed on a predetermined set of items/scales. Results of factor analysis may not always be satisfactory: The items or scales may be poor indicators of the construct or constructs. There may be too few.

Overview Principal component analysis HerveВґ Abdi1в€— and Lynne J. Williams2 Principal component analysis (PCA) is a multivariate technique that analyzes a data table in which observations are described by several inter-correlated quantitative dependent variables. 28/5/2013В В· How to Use SPSS: Factor Analysis (Principal Component Analysis) TheRMUoHP Biostatistics Resource Channel. Loading Principal Component Analysis on SPSS - Duration: 22:06. educresem 66,573 views. 22:06. How to Use вЂ¦

16/12/2014В В· In this video, we look at how to run an exploratory factor analysis (principal components analysis) in SPSS (Part 1 of 6). Youtube SPSS factor analysis Princ... Be able to set out data appropriately in SPSS to carry out a Principal Component Analysis and also a basic Factor analysis. Be able to assess the data to ensure that it does not violate any of the assumptions required to carry out a Principal Component Analysis/ Factor analysis. Be able to select the appropriate options in SPSS to carry out a

Be able to set out data appropriately in SPSS to carry out a Principal Component Analysis and also a basic Factor analysis. Be able to assess the data to ensure that it does not violate any of the assumptions required to carry out a Principal Component Analysis/ Factor analysis. Be able to select the appropriate options in SPSS to carry out a 28/5/2013В В· How to Use SPSS: Factor Analysis (Principal Component Analysis) TheRMUoHP Biostatistics Resource Channel. Loading Principal Component Analysis on SPSS - Duration: 22:06. educresem 66,573 views. 22:06. How to Use вЂ¦

Principal component analysis and exploratory factor analysis are both data reduction techniques вЂ” techniques to combine a group of correlated variables into fewer variables. You can then use those combination variables вЂ” indices or subscales вЂ” in other analyses. Principal Component Analysis versus Factor Analysis Both principal component analysis (PCA) and factor analysis (FA) seek to reduce the dimensionality of a data set. The most obvious difference is that while PCA is concerned with the total variation as expressed in the correlation

Factor analysis is a statistical procedure used to identify a small number of factors that can be used to represent relationships among sets of interrelated variables. For example, COMPUTER USE BY TEACHERS is a broad construct that can have a number of FACTORS (use for testing, use for research, use for presentation development, etc.). Principal Components Versus Principal Axis Factoring As noted earlier, the most widely used method in factor analysis is the PAF method. In practice, PC and PAF are based on slightly different versions of the R correlation matrix (which includes the entire set of correlations among measured X вЂ¦

Running a Common Factor Analysis with 2 factors in SPSS. To run a factor analysis, use the same steps as running a PCA (Analyze вЂ“ Dimension Reduction вЂ“ Factor) except under Method choose Principal axis factoring. Note that we continue to set Maximum Iterations for Convergence at вЂ¦ There are two basic approaches to factor analysis: principal component analysis (PCA) and common factor analysis. Overall, factor analysis involves techniques to help produce a smaller number of linear combinations on variables so that the reduced variables account for and explain most the variance in correlation matrix pattern.

In factor analysis you are not necessarily looking for variable reduction, although at the end you could end up with less variables integrated into sub-scales or dimensions. In factor analysis you are looking for exploring a factor structure in a scale or confirming the factor вЂ¦ There are two basic approaches to factor analysis: principal component analysis (PCA) and common factor analysis. Overall, factor analysis involves techniques to help produce a smaller number of linear combinations on variables so that the reduced variables account for and explain most the variance in correlation matrix pattern.

conduct factor analysis and the choice of method depends on many things (see Field, 2005). For our purposes we will use principal component analysis, which strictly speaking isnвЂ™t factor analysis; however, the two procedures often yield similar results (see Field, 2005, 15.3.3). 51 Factor Analysis After having obtained the correlation matrix, it is time to decide which type of analysis to use: factor analysis or principal component analysis. The main difference between these types of analysis lies in the way the communalities are used. In principal component analysis it is assumed that the communalities are initially 1.

In this case the variables to be analyzed are chosen by the initial researcher and not the person conducting the analysis. Factor analysis is performed on a predetermined set of items/scales. Results of factor analysis may not always be satisfactory: The items or scales may be poor indicators of the construct or constructs. There may be too few Interpretation of factor analysis using SPSS. By Priya Chetty on February 5, you can use factor analysis to reduce the number of variables. The rotated component analysis represent the factor loading of the principal components analysis that represents the correlation among the вЂ¦

Be able to set out data appropriately in SPSS to carry out a Principal Component Analysis and also a basic Factor analysis. Be able to assess the data to ensure that it does not violate any of the assumptions required to carry out a Principal Component Analysis/ Factor analysis. Be able to select the appropriate options in SPSS to carry out a Principal component analysis (PCA) is a statistical procedure that uses an orthogonal transformation to convert a set of observations of possibly correlated variables (entities each of which takes on various numerical values) into a set of values of linearly uncorrelated variables called principal components.